Often times sport psychology/mental training consultants get called sport psychologists in the media or in general conversation. However, this is a misrepresentation of a protected title and can carry heavy legal repercussions, so I am very careful in the title that I use.
Anyone who calls themselves a sport psychologist needs to be a registered Psychologist (Ph.D. in Clinical and Counseling Psychology) or Psychiatrist (Medical degree with training in Psychiatry) in their province or state who specializes in working with athletes with mental illnesses, eating disorders, or anything of clinical nature, and are able to prescribe medication if needed.
If someone is advertising as a sport psychologist, I would recommend looking at their background. As most of the individuals working in applied sport psychology may have a Ph.D., it does not automatically make them a sport psychologist. Below is a Figure that may help with distinguishing Mental Performance Consultants & Sport Psychologists.
Also, it is important to know that there are many rogue sport psychology consultants out there who practice applied work, but who do not have the expertise, experience, or proper training. Again, if you are seeking the assistance of a Mental Performance Consultant, it is wise to do a background check to make sure you are working with someone who is properly trained, qualified.